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Elias Lönnrot 9th April 1802 – 19th March 1884

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

at Kalevala Statue, Lönnrotin puistikko, Lönnrotinkatu 5-7, Kamppi

Elias Lönnrot (9 April 1802 – 19 March 1884) was a Finnish philologist and collector of traditional Finnish oral poetry. He is best known for composing the Kalevala, the Finnish national epic compiled from national folklore.

Lönnrot was born in Sammatti, in the province of Uusimaa in Finland. He studied medicine at the Academy of Turku. To his misfortune the year he joined was the year of the Great Fire of Turku, burning down half the town – and the University. Lönnrot (and many of the rest of the University) moved to Helsinki, where he graduated in 1832.

He got a job as district doctor of Kajaani in Northern Finland during a time of famine in the district. The famine had prompted the previous doctor to resign, making it possible for a very young doctor to get such a position. Several consecutive years of crop failure resulted in enormous losses of population and livestock; Lönnrot wrote letters to the State departments, asking for food, not medicines. He was the sole doctor for the 4,000 or so people of his district, at a time where doctors were rare and very expensive, and where people did not buy medicines from equally rare and expensive pharmacies, but rather trusted to their village healers and locally available remedies.

His true passion lay in his native Finnish language. He began writing about the early Finnish language in 1827 and began collecting folk tales from the rural people about that time.

Lönnrot went on extended leaves of absence from his doctor's office; he toured the countryside of Finland, Sapmi (Lapland), and nearby portions of Russian Karelia to support his collecting efforts. This led to a series of books: Kantele, 1829–1831 (the kantele is a Finnish traditional instrument); Kalevala, 1835–1836 (possibly Land of Heroes; better known as the "old" Kalevala); Kanteletar, 1840 (possibly Kantele Daughter); Sananlaskuja, 1842 (Proverbs); an expanded second edition of Kalevala, 1849 (the "new" Kalevala); and Finsk-Svenskt lexikon, 1866–1880 (Finnish-Swedish Dictionary).

Lönnrot was recognised for his part in preserving Finland's oral traditions by appointment to the Chair of Finnish Literature at the University of Helsinki. He died on 19 March 1884 in Sammatti, in the province of Uusimaa.

 

Lönnrotin puistikko, Lönnrotinkatu 5-7, Kamppi

 

teos: Elias Lönnrot

tekijä: Emil Wikström (1864 - 1942)

 

Elias Lönnrot (1802-84) oli lääketieteen tohtori, kielitieteilijä sekä suomen kielen ja kansanrunouden tutkija ja kerääjä. Vuosina 1853-62 hän toimi Helsingin yliopiston suomen kielen ja kirjallisuuden professorina. Lönnrot oli merkittävimpiä suomen kielen kehittäjiä 1800-luvulla ja työskenteli uutterasti sen aseman parantamiseksi. Lönnrotin julkaisutoiminta oli erittäin laajaa. Se ulottui lääketieteellisistä artikkeleista Kantelettareen (1841) sekä kansalliseepokseen Kalevalaan, jonka runot hän keräsi, toimitti ja julkaisi (1835, 1849). Myös suomalais-ruotsalainen sanakirja oli hänen toimittamansa (1880). Lönnrotista tuli jo elinaikanaan kansallisesti tunnustettu ja palkittu suurmies.
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